William Adolphe Bouguereau

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William Adolphe Bouguereau

434 artworks

French Academic Classical painter, teacher, frescoist and draftsman

Born 1825 - Died 1905

Born in La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France)

Died in La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France)

  • Artworks
  • Biography
  • Relationships
  • Suggested Reading
  • Letters
  • Images of the Artist
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Madone Assise

The Seated Madonna


Oil on canvas

176.5 x 103 cms | 69 1/4 x 40 1/2 ins

Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia


Nymphes et Satyre

Nymphs and Satyr


Oil on canvas

260 x 180 cms | 102 1/4 x 70 3/4 ins

Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, United States


Vierge Consolatrice

The Virgin of Consolation


Oil on canvas

204 x 148 cms | 80 1/4 x 58 1/4 ins

Les Musees de la Ville de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France


Naissance de Venus

Birth of Venus


Oil on canvas

300 x 218 cms | 118 x 85 3/4 ins

Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France


La Vierge aux Anges

The Virgin with Angels


Oil on canvas

213.4 x 152.4 cms | 84 x 60 ins

Museum at Forest Lawn Memorial-Park, Glendale, United States


Jeune Prêtresse

Young Priestess


Oil on canvas

181 x 81 cms | 71 1/4 x 31 3/4 ins

Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, Rochester, United States


Petites Maraudeuses

Little Thieves


Oil on canvas

200.5 x 109 cms | 78 3/4 x 42 3/4 ins

Private collection, ,


Le Ravissement de Psyche

The Abduction of Psyche


Oil on canvas

209 x 120 cms | 82 1/4 x 47 ins

Private collection, ,


Jeunes Bohemiennes

Young Gypsies


Oil on canvas

166 x 99 cms | 65 1/4 x 38 3/4 ins

Collection of Fred and Sherry Ross, , United States


Alma Parens

L'âme parentale

The Motherland


Oil on canvas

230.5 x 139.7 cms | 90 3/4 x 54 3/4 ins

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Excerpt from the Biography of William Bouguereau, by Damien Bartoli and Frederick C. Ross:

"William Bouguereau is unquestionably one of history's greatest artistic geniuses. Yet in the past century, his reputation and unparalleled accomplishments have undergone a libelous, dishonest, relentless and systematic assault of immense proportions. His name was stricken from most history texts and when included it was only to blindly, degrade and disparage him and his work. Yet, as we shall see, it was he who single handedly opened the French academies to women, and it was he who was arguably the greatest painter of the human figure in all of art history. His figures come to life like no previous artist has ever before or ever since achieved. He wasn't just the best ever at painting human anatomy, more importantly he captured the tender and subtlest nuances of personality and mood. Bouguereau caught the very souls and spirits of his subjects much like Rembrandt. Rembrandt is said to have captured the soul of age. Bouguereau captured the soul of youth.

Considering his consummate level of skill and craft, and the fact that the great preponderance of his works are life-size, it is one of the largest bodies of work ever produced by any artist. Add to that the fact that fully half of these paintings are great masterpieces, and we have the picture of an artist who belongs like Michelangelo, Rembrandt and Carravaggio, in the top ranks of only a handful of masters in the entire history of western art.

Having died in 1905, we can suppose it best that he was not here to see the successful assault on traditional art that turned the art world inside out and upside down in the decades that followed his death. His fate was to be much like that of Rembrandt, whose work was also ridiculed and banished from museums and official art circles for the hundred years following his death. Rembrandt's reputation wasn't resuscitated until the 1790's (he died in 1669) due to the influence of the founder of the Royal Academy in London, Sir Joshua Reynolds. Even as recently as 1910, Reynolds paintings brought higher prices at auction than Rembrandt. Bouguereau's re-appreciation can rather accurately be traced from about 1979 when his prices at auction quadrupled that year alone, and then was further catapulted by the 1984 retrospective that traveled from the Petite Palais in Paris, to the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in Canada and finally to the Wadsworth Athenaeum in Hartford. In 1980 The Metropolitan Museum in New York permanently hung two of his works that been left in storage from early in the century.

Since 1960, his values in the market place have literally exploded, doubling on average every 3.5 years. From works selling for and average $500 to $1500 in 1960, they have accelerated to where in the last three years alone his auction records have been repeatedly broken another 4 times. In 1998 The Heart's Awakening sold for $1,410,000 at Christie's New York. In 1999 Cupid et Psyche, Enfants sold for $1,760,000 also at Christie's to be surpassed the very next day at Sotheby's when Alma Perens owned by Sylvester Stalone sold for $2,650,00. That record only lasted one year until May of 2000, when Charite sold $3,520,000 back at Christie's. Over the last 20 years his paintings all over the world have been taken out of their crates, basements, storage rooms and attics, dusted off, many cleaned and expertly restored, and today over a hundred museums and institutions proudly have his works on permanent exhibit. Reproductions of his paintings are selling by the millions in poster shops and gift stores world wide, and there is much evidence that they are even outselling the reproductions of paintings by any of the most famous modernists. The definitive catalog Raissoneé on his life and work by Damien Bartoli and the Bouguereau Committee was published after 25 years of work was published in late 2010. Since Bouguereau is one of the most important artists in history, we will be regularly adding additional images by him to this site. Besides Mr. Bartoli's excellent biography below, you can read more about him in the ARC Philosophy."

We wish to express our gratitude to Damien Bartoli for his help in cataloging the paintings in this gallery.